5 Essential Steps to Make a Good Electrical Maintenance Plan

by | Jun 5, 2023

Electrical maintenance is a critical aspect of any facility management plan. Proper electrical maintenance ensures that electrical systems and equipment function efficiently, safely, and reliably. A well-designed electrical maintenance plan minimizes the risk of unexpected failures and downtime and helps maximize the lifespan of your electrical assets. 

This blog will discuss the essential steps to make an excellent electrical maintenance plan to keep your facility running smoothly and safely.

Step 1: Conduct a Thorough Assessment of Your Electrical System

This step involves inspecting, testing, and evaluating all electrical components, such as transformers, circuit breakers, switchgear, motors, and wiring. The assessment should also include your facility’s power quality, grounding system, and lightning protection.

During the assessment with a reliable electric company, it is crucial to identify potential problems, such as loose connections, corroded contacts, and overloaded circuits. Additionally, you should document all electrical equipment and their details, including their age, model, and manufacturer. This information will help you prioritize maintenance tasks and identify parts that may be required to be replaced soon.

Step 2: Develop a Preventive Maintenance Schedule

Once you understand your electrical system’s current condition, you can develop a preventive maintenance schedule. Preventative maintenance involves performing routine checks and maintenance tasks that help prevent equipment failure and prolong the life of electrical components. 

Some typical preventive maintenance tasks include:

  • Cleaning and tightening connections
  • Inspecting and replacing damaged wiring
  • Lubricating moving parts
  • Testing circuit breakers and protective relays
  • Inspecting and maintaining transformers

The preventive maintenance schedule should be based on the equipment’s age, condition, and manufacturer’s recommendations. It is also vital to consider factors such as the facility’s operating environment, power usage patterns, and the criticality of each electrical component.

Step 3: Implement Predictive Maintenance Techniques

Predictive maintenance involves monitoring the condition of electrical equipment and using data to predict when a failure might occur. This approach allows you to address potential issues before they lead to downtime or equipment damage. 

Some standard predictive maintenance techniques include:

  • Infrared Thermography: Infrared cameras can detect excess heat in electrical equipment, indicating issues such as loose connections or overloaded circuits.
  • Vibration Analysis: Monitoring the vibration levels of rotating equipment, such as motors and generators, can help detect mechanical issues before they cause a failure.
  • Motor Current Analysis: Analyzing the current draw of electric motors can help identify performance issues and potential failure points.

By incorporating predictive maintenance techniques into your electrical maintenance plan, you can minimize downtime and save on repair and replacement costs.

Step 4: Establish a Reliable Spare Parts Inventory

A well-stocked spare parts inventory ensures your electrical maintenance plan runs smoothly. When a component fails, it is essential to have replacement parts on hand to minimize downtime and get your facility back up and running as fast as possible.

Your spare parts inventory should include fuses, circuit breakers, relays, and other essential components. It is also important to consider the lead time for acquiring replacement parts, especially for specialized or hard-to-find items.

Step 5: Train and Empower Your Maintenance Team

Your electrical maintenance plan’s effectiveness is primarily based on your team’s skill and expertise. Providing ongoing training and resources is essential to keep your team up-to-date on the latest industry best practices, safety standards, and maintenance techniques.

Ensure your maintenance team can access the right tools, equipment, and personal protective equipment (PPE) to perform their tasks safely and efficiently. Creating a culture of open communication and continuous improvement is crucial, where team members are encouraged to give feedback on the maintenance plan.


Creating an excellent electrical maintenance plan involves assessing your electrical system, developing a preventive maintenance schedule, implementing predictive maintenance techniques, establishing a reliable spare parts inventory, and training and empowering your maintenance team. By following these essential planning steps, you can ensure that your facility’s electrical systems and equipment continue to operate safely, efficiently, and reliably, minimizing downtime and reducing overall maintenance costs.

Laswell Electric Company, Inc. has been a reliable and professional electrical service provider since its inception in 1995. With our extensive training and experience, we have successfully catered to encompass an array of solutions, from new wiring installations to electrical maintenance, troubleshooting, and repairs. For those seeking a trustworthy and proficient electric company in Louisville, do not hesitate to explore our various solutions to cater to your specific electrical requirements.